Similar articles
Advertisement
Create a post to Start Earning on Pejoweb.
Learn how it works

Coronavirus Cure: What We Know Now In The Race To Find Answers To The Outbreak — Before It Finds Us



Since a mysterious illness first appeared in the central Chinese city of Wuhan in December, there have been few hard facts about a virus that has now spread to 18 nations, including the United States.

On Tuesday, U.S. health officials shared new insights about the virus at a Washington D.C. press conference. There is a race to find answers to the outbreak — before it finds us.

Q: How is coronavirus diagnosed?

A: There’s a sophisticated new test called Reverse Transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR), which measures the amount of viral RNA, a chain of cells that carry genetic information, in a patient’s sputum, serum or blood.  That’s why all samples are being shipped to Atlanta and tested at the Centers for Disease Control labs.

 
Once the test is perfected and standardized, it will be released to states. Meanwhile, experts are now trying to build a test that is quicker, easier and cheaper — something like an HIV test, for instance, that can detect simple antibodies.

Q: How deadly is it?

A: About 106 of 4,500 patients have died in China — a 2.3% mortality rate. About 17% of total cases are severely ill, according to Chinese authorities.

But the true course of the illness could be more benign. Experts say that, like other epidemics, it was first detected in very sick people — because they’re the first to seek medical help. These patients tend to be older or have other illnesses.  People with mild sniffles don’t show up.  So the true mortality rate may drop over time as doctors study a broader set of cases.

Q: Does it spread easily?

 
A: According to a report, one person will infect, on average, 1.5 to 3 people. That’s far less scary than measles, where 12 to 18 people are infected by one sick person.  But it assures continued spread of the virus. To get an outbreak under control, the transmission rate must fall below 1.

Q: How long does it take to get sick, after I’m exposed?

A: For related viruses, the so-called “incubation period” ranges from 2 to 14 days. That number could be higher or lower for this virus.

Q: Can I catch it from someone who isn’t sick?

A: That’s controversial. In other coronaviruses, the disease only spreads when a person has symptoms.  In this outbreak, China says it has identified infections that were acquired from people who seemed healthy. But there are only a few cases.  And they haven’t been confirmed by international experts.

If true, it could influence how we respond to the outbreak. Yet healthy carriers rarely fuel major epidemics.  Sick people — who cough and sneeze, spreading germs — are a far bigger problem.

“Asymptomatic people have never been the driver of outbreaks,” said National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Dr. Anthony Fauci.

Q: Do we know the genetic sequence?

A: Yes. Chinese scientists posted it publicly within a few days, so international teams can start studying it without obtaining a sample of the live virus.

Q: Is there treatment?

A: No. Unlike bacterial infections, which are generally easily treated by antibiotics, viruses are tough to combat.  And because coronaviruses aren’t common, they haven’t gotten the full attention of the pharmaceutical industry.  But there’s good news. Scientists report some success in treating related viruses, called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). So this research is accelerating, and will be applied the new virus.

These promising new agents include: AbbVie’s Aluvia, Inovio Pharma’s INO-4700, Biocryst Pharma’s Galidesivir, Regeneron’s REGN3048-3051 and Novavax’s MERS coronavirus vaccine candidate.

Q: Is there a vaccine?

A: Not yet. Human testing will start within three months, according to NIAID’s Fauci. The first trials, called Phase 1, will test safety and evidence of an immune response.  If results look promising, research will move into Phase 2 trials, which seek effectiveness.

Sources: Department of Health and Human Services secretary Alex Azar; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention director Robert Redfield; National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease director director Nancy Messonnier; National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Anthony Fauci.
Advertisement




Log in to Like & Comment

 
 
 








Advertisement

Articles that may interest you


Winners Chapel plans for Shiloh 2020 amid coronavirus outbreak

      The Living Faith Church Worldwide aka Winners Chapel is getting set to hold its yearly international gathering of the faithful ca...

 


Suarez in cheating scandal as Barcelona star is accused of knowing answers to Italian passport exam before it took place CHRIS BURTON

The Bianconeri have cooled their interest in the Uruguayan striker, but efforts to bring him on board have prompted an investigationArticle continues ...

 


University of Oxford find the cure for Corona virus (covid-19)

Results from trials involving three different coronavirus vaccines released Monday, all showing positive results, with evidence the vaccines can produ...

 


Plateau State COVID-19 medical research team set up to find cure concludes pre-clinical stage with "tremendous success"

The Plateau State COVID-19 medical research team which was established by Governor Simon Bako Lalong to find a cure for the corona virus pandemic has ...

 


Here Are 8 Questions About Acne You Didn't Know The Answers To

The internet can be very helpful when it comes to looking for answers but it is also filled with so much misinformation and mtyhs passed off as facts....

 

Advertisement

Uploads that may interest you

I don't know who's gonna kiss you when I'm gone So I'm gonna love you now, like it's all I have I know it'll kill me when it's over I don't wanna think about it, I want you to love me now Love me now (love me now) Love me now (love me now) Oh, oh, love me now, oh, oh, oh, yeah Love me now (love me now) Love me now (love me now) I want you to love me now

Rat Race by Bob Marley.mp3

That's Where You Find Love by Westlife [Face to Face album 2005].mp3

10 Hair Hacks Every Girl Should Know!

Lucky Dube - How Will I Know.mp3

Advertisement

Loading...
 
 | 
 | 
Policy
 | 
Pejoweb © 2021