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Behavioral Science Mnemonics For The USMLE & Other Medical Examinations

Premature ejaculation: treatment 2 S's:


SSRIs [eg: fluoxitime]

Squeezing technique [glans pressure before climax]

· More detail with 2 more S's:

Sensate-focus excercises [relieves anxiety]

Stop and start method [5-6 rehearsals of stopping stimulation before climax]


Keober-Ross dying process: stages

"Death Always Brings Great Acceptance":

Denial Anger Bargaining Grieving Acceptance


Male erectile dysfunction (MED): biological causes MED: Medicines(propranalol, methyldopa, SSRI, etc.)


Diabetes mellitus


Male Erectile Dysfunction (MED): drugs causing it

"STOP erection":

SSRI (fluoxtine)





Gain: primary vs. secondary vs. tertiary

Primary: Patient's Psyche improved.

Secondary: Symptom Sympathy for patient.

Tertiary: Therapist's gain.


Depression: major episode characteristics


Sleep disruption

Psychomotor retardation

Appetite change

Concentration loss

Energy loss

Depressed mood

Interest wanes


Suicidal tendencies


Depression: symptoms


Behavioural change (slowing down or agitation)

Appetite change (weight loss or weight gain in the young)

Depressed look (looking down)

Concentration decrease (does not do serial 7s well)

Ruminations (constant negative thoughts, hopelessness good indicator of suicidality)

Interest (reduced interest in what is normally pleasurable)

Sleep change (insomnia or hypersomnia, sleeping early, waking up at night, waking up feeling tired)

Energy change (fatigue)



Autistic disorder: features


Again and again (repetitive behavior)

Unusual Abilities

Talking (language) delay

IQ subnormal

Social development poor

Three years onset

Inherited component [35% concordance]

Cognitive impairment

Self injury


Sleep stages: features

DElta waves during DEepest sleep (stages 3 & 4, slow-wave). dREaM during REM sleep.


Narcolepsy: symptoms, epidemiology

CHAP: Cataplexy Hallucinations Attacks of sleep Paralysis on waking

· Usual presentation is a young male, hence "chap".


Cluster personality disorders

Cluster A Disorder = Atypical. Unusual and eccentric.

Cluster B Disorder = Beast. Uncontrolled wildness.

Cluster C Disorder = Coward [avoidant type], Compulsive [obsessive-compulsive type], or Clingy [dependent type].


Reinforcement schedules: variable ratio

SLOT machines show SLOwesT extinction.


AIDS Dementia Complex (ADC): features


Atrophy of cortex

Infection/ Inflammation


Six months death


HM: this classic patient's lesion

HM had Hippocampus Missing.


Middle adolescence (14-17 years): characteristics


Heterosexual crushes/ Homosexual Experience

Education regarding short term benefits

Risk taking


· And there is interest in being a Hero (popular).


Impotence causes


Psychogenic: performance anxiety

Libido: decreased with androgen deficiency, drugs

Autonomic neuropathy: impede blood flow redirection

Nitric oxide deficiency: impaired synthesis, decreased blood pressure

Erectile reserve: can't maintain an erection


REM: features


Rapid pulse/ Respiratory rate


Mental activity increase/ Muscle paralysis

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joshua2006 (Basic)   4 days ago



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